A usually yellow, red, or green fruit derived from the apple tree. Depending on the type of apple, their flavors can be sweet, tart, or a mixture of sweet and sour, often with a crisp texture.
The Caucasus region (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, and parts of Southern Russia)
In 1607, European colonists at Jamestown in America planted apple seeds. These apples were not sweet, so the colonists began to make cider with these new varieties.
There are 7,000–8,000 named varieties, though only a small portion is available commercially.
“All About Apples” by Mariel Synan (2018) https://www.history.com/news/all-about-apples
“Apples” by the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health (2018) https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/nutritionsource/food-features/apples
The Oxford Companion to Food. 3rd ed., by Alan Davidson and edited by Tom Jaine (2014)