Salt-cured pork. In the U.S., bacon is made from the belly of the pig.
China; where salt-curing pork began as early as 1500 BCE. Bacon is not found in Islamic or Jewish cooking due to religious beliefs forbidding the consumption of pork.
Bacon is a popular cured meat in the U.S. and Europe.
Prior to the 17th century, “bacon” described any type of pork, not just the pig’s belly.