A cereal grain with a slightly nutty flavor and chewy texture.
North Africa, Asia Minor, and temperate Asia (as far north as Afghanistan).
Barley served as the chief bread plant of Hebrews, Greeks, and Romans, who spread it throughout Europe.
Barley is among the oldest cereal crops cultivated in the Near East and Europe.
“Barley” by The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica www.britannica.com/plant/barley-cereal
“What Are the Health Benefits of Barley?” by Megan Ware (2019) www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/295268#heart-health-and-blood-pressure
The Oxford Companion to Food. 3rd ed., by Alan Davidson and edited by Tom Jaine (2014)