A seed pod that can be ground. It is cultivated in a few different varieties, but the most common has an earthy aroma and flavor, filled with fruit, pine, and mint.
Western Ghats in Southern India.
In the 19th century, British colonists in India set up cardamom plantations for export to Europe and other colonies.
In Ayurvedic medicine, the spice is used to help with stomach, urinary, heart, and upper-respiratory issues.
“Cardamom” from Spices: Exotic Flavors and Medicines (2002) https://unitproj.library.ucla.edu/biomed/spice/index.cfm?displayID=3
“Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton” from Kew Science Plants of the World Online
“History of Cardamom” (2014) https://www.myspicer.com/history-cardamom