A preparation of roasted and ground cacao seeds. Chocolate—often used for desserts and candies—is produced commercially in many varieties, including dark, milk, and white. Popular milk chocolate is sweet and creamy.
The cacao tree was cultivated by the Maya, Toltec, and Aztec Indigenous Americans more than 3,000 years ago.
While it is unclear exactly how chocolate arrived in Europe, it is agreed that it first came to Spain, most likely after one of Christopher Columbus’s journeys.
Dark chocolate is produced without the addition of milk solids.
“Chocolate” by Naomi Blumberg and Nathan Myhrvold (2015) www.britannica.com/topic/chocolate
“Go Loco for Belize Cocoa” from National Geographic Expeditions (2019)
“History of Chocolate” from History.com (2018) https://www.history.com/topics/ancient-americas/history-of-chocolate
“What is Dark Chocolate?” by Elizabeth LaBau (2020) https://www.thespruceeats.com/dark-chocolate-520354