A type of drupe, a fruit that contains inner flesh and seeds and is surrounded by a hard shell. Coconut flesh is firm, with a sweet and slightly nutty flavor.
There is no exact certainty on the coconut’s origin, but current research suggests there were two origins—somewhere in the Pacific Islands and somewhere in the islands of the Indian Ocean.
Indian Ocean coconuts were transported to the Americas via Portuguese colonists setting up coconut plantations along the west coast of Africa. Atlantic trade routes brought coconuts to the Caribbean and Brazil.
In parts of Southeast Asia, monkeys are trained to climb palm trees and throw coconuts down to the ground for human consumption.
“5 Impressive Benefits of Coconut” by Ann Danahy (2019) https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/coconut nutrition#TOC_TITLE_HDR_3
“Deep History of Coconuts Decoded” by Diana Lutz (2011) https://source.wustl.edu/2011/06/deep-history of-coconuts-decoded
“Is Coconut a Fruit?” by Katey Davidson (2020) https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/is-a coconut-a-fruit#coconugot-classification
New Oxford Book of Food Plants by John Vaughan et al. (2009)