The fruit of the olive tree. Olives are very bitter if consumed straight from the tree and contain a pit in the middle.
Olives were most likely domesticated in the Middle East or eastern Mediterranean region.
Antonio de Rivera brought olives from Spain to Lima in 1560.
The olive tree is an evergreen tree, small in stature. Olives change color from green to black as the fruit matures.
“History of Olive Oil” from Temecula Olive Oil https://www.temeculaoliveoil.com/olive-oil history
New Oxford Book of Food Plants by John Vaughan et al. (2009)
“Olives 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Benefits” by Adda Bjarnadorr (2019) https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods/olives