A type of legume. They grow in pods and are often processed into various soy products after being harvested.
Soybeans were introduced to North America in 1795 through the East India Company. It is now the most widely grown crop in the United States.
Soybeans are a great source of protein and can be used to make tofu and tempeh, popular in vegetarian and vegan diets.
“History of Soybeans” from North Carolina Soybean Producers Association https://ncsoy.org/media-resources/history-of-soybeans
New Oxford Book of Food Plants by John Vaughan et al. (2009)
“Soybeans [EL1] 101: Nutrition Facts and Health Effects” by Atli Arnarson (2019) https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/foods/soybeans