A bright red fruit with small seeds on the exterior and a leafy green stem. They are sweet and bright in flavor.
Wild strawberries are native to North America, Europe, the Middle East, Asia, South America and Central America.
European colonists introduced the North American species, Fragaria virginiana, and the South American species, Fragaria chiloensis, to Europe in the 17th century. These species were cross-bred in France in 1750, creating the modern strawberry, Fragaria ananassa.
Native American communities, such as the Oneida, have used strawberry leaves and plant roots to treat diarrhea and inflamed joints.
“Celebration of the Strawberry” from Oneida Indian Nation https://www.oneidaindiannation.com/celebration-of-the-strawberry
New Oxford Book of Food Plants by John Vaughan et al. (2009)
The Oxford Companion to Food. 3rd ed., by Alan Davidson and edited by Tom Jaine (2014)