An alcoholic beverage made of fermented grape juice.
The earliest known wines come from China, Georgia, Armenia, Iran, and Sicily. These seem to be simultaneous developments.
Spanish colonists brought European grape varieties to Central America to attempt to make wine in the early 16th century. It wasn’t until the late 16th and 17th centuries that the vineyards became established.
Wine often benefits from aging. Aging can take place in a barrel (typically oak barrels for dry red wine), tanks, or bottles. Red wine typically ages longer than white wine.
Fermentation and Micro-Organisms by Charles Bamforth (2005)
“For the Love of Wine: A Brief History of South American Wine” by Robert Horvat (2020)
“The Origin of Wine” by Brendan Borrell (2009) https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/the-origin-of-wine